The ground rules of growing bonsai

Things you need to do when growing bonsai

  • In the art of bonsai you always need to progress from the simple to the complex. Start by growing some trees of medium size of the same latitude as where you live. Only once you have more experience, try to move on to more exotic species.
  • Have a clear idea in mind of how you final tree should look. Prepare a photo or drawing of the final result of the bonsai formation.
  • Keep a diary of the main events regarding your bonsai. Add drawing or photos to the diary to ensure accurate documentation.
  • Make sure the bonsai fits the interior it’s placed in.
  • Learn the seasons of your tree. Everything you do to your tree must be carried out at a certain time of the year.
  • Keep the plant substrate from drying, becoming over-salinated and souring.
  • Ensure your bonsai undergoes proper wintering.
  • Make an effort to keep the entire composition (the plant, the container, the soil with moss) looking natural.
  • Any fertilizers / plant hormones must be used moderately.
  • Keep an eye of the state of the tree’s foliage, bark and roots.
  • Make sure your tree gets adequate fresh air, timely watering and sufficient lighting.

Things NOT to do when growing bonsai

  • Avoid species that have large leaves, large flowers or large fruit.
  • Do not try to form the tree into a style that does not fit the species.
  • Avoid keeping your tree wired for longer than six months.
  • Bonsai trees do not like cold water that hasn’t stood.
  • Don’t be pretentious, cocky. Avoid trying to look sophisticated.
  • Avoid using unsharpened cutters, shears, knives. Don’t use wire that is too tough.
  • Do not allow the bonsai to flower or fruit it has taken on its final form.
  • Do not let branches cross if they are growing from a single point.
  • Avoid symmetrical composition.
  • Avoid mixing mineral and organic fertilizers.
  • Do not strain the wire around the tree too much.
  • Do not let your tree get too cold.